Jumat, 07 Maret 2014

Belajar Bahasa Turki {Part 1}

Sri Zehra Ddc
Şimdiki zaman = saat ini
Rumus = Subjek (ben,sen ,o, biz, siz, onlar) + kata kerja (tanpa mak/mek) + (ı/i/u/ü) + yor + keterangan subjek (ben,sen ,o, biz, siz, onlar)

Contoh: gelmek = (Ben) gel+ i+ yor+ um = geliyorum

Dihafalkan dan dibuatkan kalimat şimdiki zamannya.
Selamat mencoba !

Waktu saat ini = jam ini Karina Aliefiani = badan (saya, Anda, dia, kami, Anda, mereka) + kata kerja (tanpa mak/mek) + (ı/i/u/u) +... + lebih lanjut datang badan (saya, Anda, dia, kami, Anda, mereka) (I) + Contoh: datang = I + saya + um = dibuatkan dari menunjuk Dihafalkan kalimat kini zamannya.
Selamat mencoba! (Diterjemahkan oleh Bing)
 
KATA KERJA

Dalam bahasa Turki sangat mudah untuk mengenali mana yang kata kerja dan mana yang bukan, bila kata tersebut berakhiran dengan mek/mak maka bisa dipastikan 99% bahwa kata tersebut adalah kata kerja, akan tetapi tetap saja ada beberapa yang bukan merupakan kata kerja.
Kata-kata kerja ini tidak bisa langsung dipakai dalam kalimat seperti yang ada pada bahasa Indonesia, mereka harus mendapat imbuhan terlebih dahulu, sebelum mendapat imbuhan mereka harus berbentuk sebagai Fiil terlebih dahulu.
Fiil ini sendiri adalah kata kerja yang sudah tidak ada imbuhan mek/mak-nya atau bisa disebut juga sebagai kata dasar dalam kata kerja.



Positif Form
Gelmek = mendatangi (coming, to come)
Gitmek : meninggalkan/pergi (going, to go)
Oturmak = menduduki (sitting, to sit)
Olmak = menjadi (being, to be)
Okumak = membaca (reading, to read)
Yazmak = menulis (writing, to write)
Bakmak = melihat (seeing, to see)
Gülmek = tertawa (laughing, to laugh)

Negatif Form
Gelmemek = tidak mendatangi (not comimg, not to come)
Gitmemek = tidak berpergian (not going, not to go)
Oturmamak = tidak menduduki (not sitting, not to sit)
Olmamak = tidak menjadi (not being, not to be)
Okumamak = tidak membaca (not reading, not to read)
Yazmamak = tidak menulis (not writing, not to write)
Bakmamak = tidak melihat (not seeing, not to see)
Gülmemek = tidak tertawa (not laughing, not to laugh)

Fiil (Kata Kerja Dasar / Kata Perintah)
Gel = datang (come)
Git = pergi (go)
Otur = duduk (sit)
Ol = jadi (be)
Oku = baca (read)
Yaz = tulis (write)
Bak = lihat (see)
Gül = ketawa (laugh)
Gönder = kirim (send)
Gelme = jangan datang (don’t come)
Gitme = jangan pergi (don’t go)
Oturma = jangan duduk (don’t sit)
Olma = jangan menjadi (don’t be)
Okuma = jangan baca (don’t read)
Yazma = jangan tulis (don’t write)
Bakma = jangan lihat (don’t see)
Gülme = jangan ketawa (don’t laugh)
Gönderme = jangan kirim ( dont send)

KATA KERJA SEHARİ-HARİ / GÜNLÜK FİİLLER
Tekrar etmek : mengulangi (repeating, to repeat)
Gelmek : mendatangi (coming, to come)
Gitmek : meninggalkan/pergi (going, to go)
Oturmak : menduduki (sitting, to sit)
Olmak : menjadi (being, to be)
Okumak : membaca (reading, to read)
Yazmak : menulis (writing, to write)
Gülmek : tertawa (laughing, to laugh)
Göndemek : mengirimkan (sending, to send)
Bakmak : melihat (looking, to look)
Görmek : melihat (seeing, to see)
Açmak : membuka (opening, to open)
Kapatmak : menutup (closing, to close)
Oturmak : duduk (sitting, to sit)
Yürümek : berjalan (walking, to walk)
Gezmek : jalan-jalan (walking around)
Koşmak : berlari (running, to run)
Uyumak : tertidur (sleeping, to sleep)
Uyanmak : terbangun (waking up, to wake up)
Yatmak / Uzanmak : berbaring (lying down, to lie down)
Kalkmak : berdiri (getting up, to get up)
Vermek : memberi (giving, to give)
Almak : mendapatkan (getting, to get)
Getirmek : mengambil (to bring)
Götürmek : membawa (to take)
Koymak : menaruh (to put)
Satmak : menjual (selling, to sell)
Satın almak : membeli (buying, to buy)
İçmek : minum (drinking, to drink)
Yemek yemek : memakan (eating, to eat)
Yapmak : mengerjakan (doing, to do)
Yemek yapmak / Pişirmek : memasak (cooking, to cook)
Yüzmek : berenang (swimming, to swim)
Banyo yapmak / Yıkanmak : mandi (bathing, to take a bath)
Yıkamak : mencuci (washing, to wash)
Konuşmak : berbicara (talking, to talk)
Söylemek : mengatakan (saying, to say)
Susmak : diam (to be silence)
Şarkı söylemek : bernyanyi (singing, to sing)
Dinlemek : mendengarkan (listening, to listen)
Dinlenmek : istirahat (relaxing, to relax)
Kalmak : tinggal, menginap (to stay)
Girmek : masuk (entering, to enter)
Çıkmak : keluar (to exit)
Binmek : menaiki (riding, to ride)
İnmek : menuruni (to descend)
Giyinmek : berpakaian (wearing, to wear)
Çalışmak : belajar / bekerja (to study / to work)
Öğrenmek : mempelajari (learning, to learn)
Öğretmek : mengajar (teaching, to teach)
İstemek : menginginkan / mau (to want)
Oynamak : memainkan (playing, to play)
Seyretmek / İzlemek : menonton (watching, to watch)
Bulmak : menemukan (finding, to find)
Bilmek : mengetahui (knowing, to know)
Tanışmak : mengenal (to meet)
Tanıtmak : memperkenalkan (introducing, to introduce)
Beklemek : menunggu (waiting, to wait)
Sulamak : menyiram (watering)
Toplamak : mengumpulkan (collecting, to collect)
Resim yapmak : menggambar (drawing, to draw)
Sigara içmek : merokok (smoking, to smoke)
Aramak : mencari (searching, to search)
Telefon etmek : menelepon (to call)
Çağırmak : memanggil (calling)
Hazırlamak : menyiapkan (to prepare)
Temizlemek : membersihkan (cleaning, to clean)
Süpürmek : menyapu (to sweep)
Ağlamak : menangis (crying, to cry)
Merak etmek : ingin tahu-khawatir (to be curious)
Anlamak : mengerti (understanding, to understand)
Anlatmak : menceritakan (explaining, to explain)
Dönmek : kembali / belok (to return)
Düşmek : jatuh (to fall)
Düşünmek : berpikir (to think)
Düşürmek : menurunkan (lower / to put down)
Unutmak : melupakan (to forget)
Unutulmak : dilupakan (to be forgotten)
Ziyaret etmek : berkunjung/berziarah (to visit)
Balık tutmak : memancing (fishing)
Düzenlemek : mengatur / mengorganisir (to arrange)


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